One of the most obvious features of ageing is the decrease in the reserve capacity of the body’s organs and systems, making it more vulnerable to aggressions (diseases, surgeries, treatments).
It is evident that ageing varies from person to person; there is tremendous heterogeneity. Thus, we find 90-year-olds with little pathology who are functionally and mentally sound, and then there are 70-year-olds with high comorbidity and multiple pathologies who are physically and mentally dependent.
The relationship between ageing and cancer is very clear, given that greater age equals a greater risk of an individual developing cancer.
Age is the greatest risk factor for cancer.
This is why we need a tool that allows us to evaluate the elderly person overall, in order to adapt the oncology treatment in an individualized way.
Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is the “tool” traditionally used in geriatrics to assess elderly patients, and is defined as a multidimensional and interdisciplinary diagnostic process aimed at identifying and evaluating the medical, mental, functional and social capacities and problems of older people, with the intention of developing a detailed plan for comprehensive treatment and long-term follow-up.
ONCOGERIATRICS is an area or discipline in the health field that is dedicated to addressing oncologic pathology in elderly patients.
The International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) provides recommendations for the best standard of care for older patients with cancer.
The current medical trend is “personalized and precision medicine” for older patients as well.
The objective of ONCOGERIATRICS is to optimize the global and multidisciplinary care that the elderly patient with cancer requires, providing personalized and specialized care.
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